Tuesday, July 5, 2011

Capitalization

The basic rule of capitalization is that the first word in a sentence is capitalized. There are some other special rules of capitalization that you need to learn which I have listed below; in addition, check out the special rules for capitalization of quoted speech.

Capitalization of Story and Book Titles. A good basic rule to follow is to capitalize the first word along with all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and verbs, plus all the other words that are four or more letters in length.
  • The Story of Perseus
  • How Perseus Rescued Andromeda
  • Perseus, Andromeda, and the Sea Monster
Capitalization of Names. Here are some rules to follow:
  1. When a family or professional title appears before a name, you capitalize the title: King Cepheus.
  2. If the title follows the name, it is not capitalized: Cepheus, king of Ethiopia.
  3. When a title is used on its own as a name, without any kind of adjective or other modifier, it is capitalized: Andromeda replied, "Yes, Father, I understand."
  4. A title used with an article or some other modifier is not capitalized: Andromeda and her father left the palace together, weeping.
Here are some more examples:
  • Perseus was the son of Danae, daughter of King Acrisius of Argos.
  • An oracle foretold that the king's grandson would overthrow him.
  • Fearing the oracle, the king locked his daughter and grandson in a wooden chest and cast them adrift.
  • Danae cried out, "Please, Father, do not cast us away like this!"
  • As things turned out, a fisherman rescued them, thwarting the king's plans.
  • Years later, Perseus rescued Princess Andromeda from a sea monster.
  • Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus, king of Ethiopia.
  • King Cepheus was compelled to offer up his daughter as a sacrifice to the monster.
  • The king said to Andromeda, "O my daughter, please forgive me for what I must do!"
  • Andromeda replied, "I forgive you, Father!"
  • In the nick of time, Perseus rescued the princess from the monster.
For more information about capitalization, see the help pages at Purdue's OWL.

Here you see Perseus rescuing Andromeda; visit the Wikipedia for more information.

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